Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer

Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of non-melanoma skin cancer, and the most common type of cancer world wide. There are many different types classified on the growth pattern, which also determines the best treatment option for the type of basal cell carcinoma. Head and neck basal cell carcinomas are often treated with a type of surgery called mohs micrographic surgery. Cleaver Medical Group provides all modalities for treating this type of cancer, including mohs micrographic surgery, in which Dr. Nathan Cleaver is fellowship trained and board certified.

Basal cell /carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin cancer, malignant neoplasm derived from non-keratinizing cells that originate in the basal layer of the epidermis, is the most common cancer in humans. Several factors such as anatomic location, histologic features, primary or recurrent tumors, and patient characteristics influence the choice of treatment modality for BCC. It is the most common of all cancers. One out of every three new cancers is a skin cancer, and the vast majorities are basal cell carcinomas (BCC). These cancers arise from trichoblasts, cells that resides in/close to the basal cell layer, or the lowest layer, of the epidermis (outer skin layer). The number of new cases of BCC has increased sharply each year in the last few decades, with the average age of onset steadily decreasing. More women are getting BCCs than in the past; nonetheless, men still outnumber women, particularly men who had worked outdoors.

Most squamous cell skin cancers are found and treated at an early stage, when they can be removed or destroyed with local treatment methods. Small squamous cell cancers can usually be cured with these treatments. Larger squamous cell cancers are harder to treat, and fast-growing cancers have a higher risk of coming back. In rare cases, squamous cell cancers can spread to lymph nodes or distant parts of the body. If this happens, treatments such as radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy may be needed.

It’s usually rough and crusty, and can bleed easily when scraped. Large growths may itch or hurt. It may also pop through scars or chronic skin sores so check for any changes and report them to your doctor. How It’s Diagnosed Your doctor may refer you to a dermatologist who specializes in skin conditions. He will ask about your medical history, your history of severe sunburns or indoor tanning, any pain or symptoms you’re having, and when the spot first appeared. You’ll have a physical exam to check the size, shape, color, and texture of the spot. The dermatologist will also look for other spots on your body.